1. Free thought or freethinking
Contrary to what the title indicates “free thinkers” base their opinions on science, facts and logics. You would assume that “free thinking” meant you were free to do as you like without rules but alas “free thinkers” do not accept nor reject ideas unless they are directly supported by knowledge or resoning. I guess that’s why it is called free thinking? You can go with whatever you like unless someone states otherwise and can give you proof of their reasoning.
2. Lateral Thinking
Lateral thinking (or parallel thinking) encourages you to discover or learn for yourself through trial and error. The concept was developed by Edward De Bono in the 1960’s. It is based on the theory that logical and critical thinking has limitations.
3. Mind Mapping
Is something I learned about in school and was forced to use in school. It was never my favorite way of work but I do use it from time to time as an adult. Mind maps show how pieces of information fit together and how they relate to eachother. It was made popular in the 1970s by Tony Buzan and has been an important tool in brainstorming, idea creation, problem solving and decision making ever since.
4. Design Thinking Phases
I gave three examples of ways of thinking but actually they’re all pretty similar. When it comes to the design thinking phases there are five of them:
- Empathise – with your users
- Define – your users’ needs, their problem, and your insights
- Ideate – by challenging assumptions and creating ideas for innovative solutions
- Prototype – to start creating solutions
- Test – solutions
These don’t have to happen in that order and can be repeated.